Materials for the Medieval History of Indonesia
1. lwir niɳ nusa pranusa pramukha sakahawat / ksoni ri malayu,
naɳ jambi mwaɳ palembaɳ karitan i teba len / darmmaçraya tumut,
kandis kahwas manankabwa ri siyak i rkan / kampar mwan i pane,
kampe harw athawe mandahilin i tumihaɳ parllak / mwan i barat.
2. hi lwas lawan samudra mwan i lamuri batan lampuɳ mwaɳ i barus,
yekadinyaɳ watek / bhumi malayu satanah kapwamateh anut.
len tekaɳ nusa tañjuɳ nagara ri kapuhas lawan ri katinan,
sampit / mwaɳ kutalinga mwan i kutawarinin / sambas mwan i lawai.
1. kadaɳdanan i landa len ri samdaɳ tirm tan kasah,
ri sedu buruneɳ ri kalka saluduɳ ri solot / pasir,
baritw i sawaku muwah ri tabaluɳ ri tuñjuɳ kute,
lawan ri malano makapramukha ta ri tañjuɳpuri.
2. ikaɳ sakahawan pahaɳ pramukha taɳ hujuɳ medini,
ri lnkasukha len ri saimwan i kalanten i tringano,
naçor pa-(98a)kamuwar dunun ri tumasikh / ri saɳhyaɳ hujuɳ,
klaɳ keda jere ri kañjap i niran / sanusa pupul.
3. sawetan ikanaɳ tanah jawa muwah ya warnnanen,
ri balli makamukya taɳ badahulu mwan i lwagajah,
gurun makamukha sukun / ri taliwaɳ ri dompo sapi,
ri saɳhyan api bhima çeran i hutan kadaly apupul.
4. muwah tan i gurun sanusa manaran ri lombok mirah,
lawan tikan i saksak adinikalun / kahajyan kabeh,
muwah tanah i banatayan pramukha banatayan len / luwuk,
tken uda makatrayadinikanaɳ sanusapupul.
5. ikaɳ saka sanusanusa makhasar butun / bangawi,
kunir ggaliyau mwan i salaya sumba solot / muar,
muwah tikhan i wandan ambwan athawa maloko wwanin,
ri seran i timur makadinin aneka nusatutur.
1. nahan / lwir niɳ deçantara kacaya de çri narapati,
tuhn / taɳ synakayodyapura kimutaɳ darmmanagari,
marutma mwaɳ riɳ rajapura nuniweh sinhanagari,
ri campa kambojanyat i yawana mitreka satata.
2. kunaɳ tekaɳ nusa madura tatan ilwiɳ parapuri,
ri denyan tungal / mwaɳ yawadarani rakwaikana danu,
samudra(1) nanguɳ(2) bhumi(3) kta ça- (98b) ka kalanya karnö,
teweknyan dadyapantara sasiki tatwanya tan adoh.
3. huwus rabdaɳ dwipantara sumiwi ri çri narapati,
padasthity awwat / pahudama wijil anken / pratimasa,
sake kotsahan / saɳ prabhu ri sakhahaywanyan iniwö,
bhujanga mwaɳ mantrinutus umahalot / patti satata.
1. krama nika saɳ bhujangan umareɳ digantara danu,
hinilahilan / swakaryya jaga dona tan swan alaha,
wnan ika yan / pakon / nrpati siɳ parana ta kunaɳ,
magehakna çiwagama phalanya tan / panasara.
apituwin ajña hajya tan asiɳ(4) paranan tika,
hinilahila sakulwan ikanaɳ tanah jawa kabeh,
taya rin usana bodda mara rakwa sambhawa tinut.
3. tuhun ikanaɳ digantara sawetaniɳ yawadara,
i gurun i bali mukya kawnaɳ paranaktika,
samayaniraɳ mahamuni bharada rakwa mapageh,
lawan ikha saɳ munindra kuturan / prakaça karnö.
4. karana ni saɳ bhujanga tinitah ri lakwa rasikha,
ikan inutus manulwana nawetanakrama huwus,
saji saji niɳ lumakwakn i sajña saɳ narapati,
sawiku sada yan anujar aweh rse- (99a) pnin umulat.
5. irika tan anyabhumi sakhahemban iɳ yawapuri,
amateh i sajna saɳ nrpati khapwa satya rin ulah,
pituwi sin ajñalanghyana dinon / wiçirnna sahana,
tkap ikanaɳ watek / jeladi mantry aneka suyaça.
(1) Scribe′s note: 4.
(2) id.: 2.
(3) id: 1.
(4) Scribe′s interpolation: sa.
1. The aspect of the islands of all sorts: the principal ones are all
those that belong to the country of Malayu :
namely Jambi and Palembang, Karitang, Teba, on the other hand Dharmashraya along with them,
Kandis, Kahwas, Manangkabwa, Siyak, Rekan, Kampar and Pane,
Kampe, Haru, and Mandahiling too, Tumihang, Parlak and Barat.
2. Lwas with Samudra and Lamuri, Batan, Lampung and Barus,
These are the most important ones of those belonging to the country of Malayu, one country, equally executing (orders), following
Otherwise then: the island of Tafijung-Nagara: Kapuhas with Katingan,
Sampit and Kuta-Lingga and Kuta-Waringin. Sambas and Lawai.
1. Kadangdangan, Landa, on the other hand Samedang. Tirem unseparated,
Sedu, Buruneng, Kalka, Saludung, Solot, Pasir,
Baritu, Sawaku, also Tabalung, Tufijung-Kute,
with Malano, having for principal town then: Tanjung-Puri.
2. Those that belong to Pahang, the principal, to be sure, is Hujung-
Lengkasuka, on the other hand Saimwang, Kalanten, Tringgano,
Nashor, Pakamuwar, Dungun, Tumasik, Sanghyang Hujung,
Kelang, Keda, Jere, Kanjap, Niran, one island, altogether.
3. All those east from the Javanese country there also are to be
Bali, having for principal places, to be sure: Badahulu and LwaGajah,
Gurun, having for principal place: Sukun, Taliwang, Dompo, Sapi,
Sanghyang Api, Bhima, Seran, Hutan Kadali altogether.
4. Also, to be sure: Gurun, one island with the name Lombok-Mirah,
with the Saksak (country); the first of those that are called the principalities, all of them,
also the countries of Bantayan, the principal is Bantayan, on the other hand Luwuk,
then the (countries) of Uda, making a trio; these are the most important of those that are one island, altogether.
5. Those that are (enumerated) island by island (are): Makasar, Butun,
Kunir, Galiyao and Salaya, Sumba, Solot, Muar,
and the Waudan (country), Ambwan and Maloko too, Wwanin,
Seran, Timur. These make the first of the numerous islands that are mindfuI.
1. Such is the aspect of the other countries, protected by the Illustrious
verily, to be sure: Syangkayodhyapura, together with Dharmanagari,
Marutma and Rajapura, and Singhanagari too,
Campa, Kamboja. Different is Yawana, that is a friend, regular.
2. Concerning now this island of Madura, this is not at all of the same
aspect as the foreign kingdoms,
because of the fact that it has been one with the Yawa-country, so it is said, at that time in the past:
"The oceans carry a country" (124 = 202 A.D.), such is their Shaka-year, one hears,
their moment to become provided with an interstice; (nevertheless) they are one in essence, not far away (from each other).
3. Already the other continents are getting ready to show obedience
to the Illustrious Prince,
alike orderly they bring in all kinds of products every ordained season.
As an instance of the honoured Prabhu's exertion for all the good that is taken care of by him,
ecclesiastical officers and mandarins are sent to fetch the produce regularly.
1. That custom for the honoured ecclesiastical officers, going to other
countries, in the past, has been:
it was forbidden that they of their own accord should fix their eyes on any goal; without fail they would perish.
it was allowed when the Prince commanded, any travel whatsoever,
in order to consolidate the Shiwa-Way; the fruit thereof is: they will not err.
2. Concerning these, the honoured ecclesiastical officers of the Sugatavow
(Buddhists) here, one hears that,
even though there should be an order of our lord; it would not be any travel, wheresoever, to be sure.
Forbidden is: all the west of this Javanese country, all of it.
Never has there been in oIden times a Buddhist who went there, so it is said, (which would have been an example) possible to be followed.
3. Verily the other countries there, all to the east of the Javanese
Gurun, Bali are the principal ones, allowed is any travel there.
The covenant of the worshipful the great sage Bharada, so it is said, was firm.
The partner was the honoured prince of sages Kuturan, renowned, one hears.
4. Because the honoured ecclesiastical officers are ordered for travels,
their worships, according to rank,
those who are sent either West or East, anywhere, have a custom already:
what is held in readiness by those who perform all orders of the
any wiku (ordained priest) every time when he speaks affords pleasure to those who see him.
5. Then, surely, the other lands, anywhere, that are in the guardianship
of the Javanese Royal compound,
are executing any orders of the honoured Prince, equally, faithful in conduct.
Even though there were any commandment-breakers, they are visited by expeditionary forces and annihilated, altogether,
by the activity of those (warriors) there who belong to the Jaladhi (sea) mandarins, numerous, glorious.
first draft, not proofread /